• Find in all HKLII Databases
    [Advanced Search] [LawCite] [Help]
    35 databases in Hong Kong
    HKLII has been accessed 8,159,752 times since 11 November 2011 (4,914 times today)

    Welcome to HKLII

    HKLII is a project of Law & Technology Centre, a centre jointly established by Department of Computer Science and Faculty of Law of the University of Hong Kong. HKLII has obtained the kind assistance of the Australasian Legal Information Institute (AustLII) in its development. With a view to promoting and supporting the rule of law in Hong Kong, HKLII is a free, independent, non-profit Internet facility providing the public with legal information relating to Hong Kong. HKLII supports and participates in the free access to law movement.

    News and Database Additions

    Neutral Citations Officially Adopted by the Judiciary with Effect from 1 January 2018

    In accordance with the Practice Direction 5.5, issued on 1 December 2017, official neutral citations will be used by the Judiciary for all Hong Kong judgments delivered after 1 January 2018. Official neutral citations have to be cited for judgments delivered after that date in the following format:

    [Year] Court Abbreviation Number (e.g. [2018] HKDC 12)

    in which

    Year refers to the year of the written delivery of judgment;
    Court abbreviation stands for the court in which the case was heard;
    Number indicates the running number starting from 1.

    HKLII will follow the Judiciary’s neutral citations and cease to assign HKLII’s neutral citations to judgments. The court abbreviations used by HKLII for judgments delivered before 1 January 2018 have been revised to follow the Judiciary’s court abbreviations, which are as follows:

    CourtHKLII’s original abbreviation  Judiciary’s abbreviation  
    Court of Final AppealHKCFAHKCFA
    Court of AppealHKCAHKCA
    Court of First InstanceHKCFIHKCFI
    Competition TribunalHKCTHKCT
    District CourtHKDCHKDC
    Family CourtHKFAMCHKFC
    Lands TribunalHKLDTHKLdT
    MagistraciesHKMCHKMagC
    Labour TribunalHKLBTHKLaT
    Small Claims TribunalHKSCTCHKSCT
    Obscene Articles Tribunal  HKOATHKOAT
    Coroner’s CourtHKCCDIHKCrC

    Please refer to Practice Direction 5.5 regarding the adoption of neutral citations.

    Advanced Search

    HKLII has launched a new advanced search page in which users can now input keywords in as many fields as possible to do fine searches.

    Legislative History

    A comparison feature for legislation has been launched. This new feature shows the changes between any two versions of the same Ordinance/Regulation/Instrument. For example, it can show the old and current versions of s. 25 of the Defamation Ordinance.

    AutoComplete

    The autocomplete feature is now available in the simple search and advanced search page. This feature is applied to searching cases and legislation. In the simple search, when the first few letters of the first party name or legislation name are typed, the search engine will look up titles of cases and legislation to provide suggestions. In the advanced search, the feature is available for the fields of citation, case name, legislation name, document title, coram of judgment, parties representation and charge.

    Appeal History

    The appeal history feature is now available in HKLII. The following citations are included in the appeal history page of HKLII: (1) HKLII neutral citation; (2) HKLRD citation that has already been put in HKLII, but not yet in Judiciary’s website; and (3) HKC citation. The link to appeal history can be found in the menu bar above case names of any cases which have appeal history.

    Last updated 26 April 2018

    HKLII participates in the free access to law movement, a grouping of the following organisations:
    Free Access to Law WorldLII ULII TLRC SAFLII PacLII NZLII MalawiLII LIIofIndia LII (Cornell) LawPhil KSL JIPS IRLII IIJusticia IIJ UNAM HKLII Droit.org CyLaw CommonLII Cardiff BAILII AustLII AsianLII AltLaw

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HKLII Hong Kong Legal Information Institute
Free access to legal information in Hong Kong 繁體中文版 简体中文版

Find in all HKLII Databases
[Advanced Search] [LawCite] [Help]
35 databases in Hong Kong

HKLII has been accessed 8,159,752 times since 11 November 2011 (4,914 times today)

Welcome to HKLII

HKLII is a project of Law & Technology Centre, a centre jointly established by Department of Computer Science and Faculty of Law of the University of Hong Kong. HKLII has obtained the kind assistance of the Australasian Legal Information Institute (AustLII) in its development. With a view to promoting and supporting the rule of law in Hong Kong, HKLII is a free, independent, non-profit Internet facility providing the public with legal information relating to Hong Kong. HKLII supports and participates in the free access to law movement.

News and Database Additions
  • Neutral Citations Officially Adopted by the Judiciary with Effect from 1 January 2018

    In accordance with the Practice Direction 5.5, issued on 1 December 2017, official neutral citations will be used by the Judiciary for all Hong Kong judgments delivered after 1 January 2018. Official neutral citations have to be cited for judgments delivered after that date in the following format:

    [Year] Court Abbreviation Number (e.g. [2018] HKDC 12)

    in which

    Year refers to the year of the written delivery of judgment;
    Court abbreviation stands for the court in which the case was heard;
    Number indicates the running number starting from 1.

    HKLII will follow the Judiciary’s neutral citations and cease to assign HKLII’s neutral citations to judgments. The court abbreviations used by HKLII for judgments delivered before 1 January 2018 have been revised to follow the Judiciary’s court abbreviations, which are as follows:

    CourtHKLII’s original abbreviation  Judiciary’s abbreviation  
    Court of Final AppealHKCFAHKCFA
    Court of AppealHKCAHKCA
    Court of First InstanceHKCFIHKCFI
    Competition TribunalHKCTHKCT
    District CourtHKDCHKDC
    Family CourtHKFAMCHKFC
    Lands TribunalHKLDTHKLdT
    MagistraciesHKMCHKMagC
    Labour TribunalHKLBTHKLaT
    Small Claims TribunalHKSCTCHKSCT
    Obscene Articles Tribunal  HKOATHKOAT
    Coroner’s CourtHKCCDIHKCrC

    Please refer to Practice Direction 5.5 regarding the adoption of neutral citations.

  • Advanced Search

    HKLII has launched a new advanced search page in which users can now input keywords in as many fields as possible to do fine searches.

  • Legislative History

    A comparison feature for legislation has been launched. This new feature shows the changes between any two versions of the same Ordinance/Regulation/Instrument. For example, it can show the old and current versions of s. 25 of the Defamation Ordinance.

  • AutoComplete

    The autocomplete feature is now available in the simple search and advanced search page. This feature is applied to searching cases and legislation. In the simple search, when the first few letters of the first party name or legislation name are typed, the search engine will look up titles of cases and legislation to provide suggestions. In the advanced search, the feature is available for the fields of citation, case name, legislation name, document title, coram of judgment, parties representation and charge.

  • Appeal History

    The appeal history feature is now available in HKLII. The following citations are included in the appeal history page of HKLII: (1) HKLII neutral citation; (2) HKLRD citation that has already been put in HKLII, but not yet in Judiciary’s website; and (3) HKC citation. The link to appeal history can be found in the menu bar above case names of any cases which have appeal history.

Last updated 26 April 2018

HKLII participates in the free access to law movement, a grouping of the following organisations:
Free Access to Law WorldLII ULII TLRC SAFLII PacLII NZLII MalawiLII LIIofIndia LII (Cornell) LawPhil KSL JIPS IRLII IIJusticia IIJ UNAM HKLII Droit.org target= CyLaw CommonLII Cardiff BAILII AustLII AsianLII AltLaw

HKLII Needs Your Support
Since January 2002, HKLII has been providing the general public with online access to HK’s legal information free of charge.

If you have been using HKLII and wish it to continue, you can help by donating to HKLII via the link below. Any amount donated will contribute to HKLII’s continuance. Your donations will be processed by The University of Hong Kong and used solely in connection with the operation of HKLII.

Thank you for using HKLII. And thank you in advance for your support.

The HKLII Team